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Title: The prevalence of alexithymia and its relation to somatization and psychological distress in glaucoma patients
Authors: Pop, Olympia
Keywords: Alexithymia
Glaucoma patients
Psychopathological symptoms
Issue Date: 2014
Abstract: Alexithymia is a personality trait associated with difficulty in identifying and describing feelings. Previous studies have demonstrated the co-occurrence of alexithymia with chronic physical conditions. The aim of the present study was: a) to examine the relationship of alexithymia with glaucoma-chronic eye condition, and b) to examine the relationship of alexithymia with psychopathological symptoms. Two samples of Greek participants have been considered: 41 glaucoma patients and 37 healthy adults. The mean age for the sample ranged from 55-64 years. The measures used were: Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20) and Symptom Checklist 90 Revised (SCL-90-R). The prevalence of alexithymia in glaucoma group was higher, with half of the patients presenting borderline alexithymia. Results showed that alexithymia statistically significantly associates with glaucoma (p= 0.019). Logistic regression analysis indicated that alexithymia explains 6.6% of variance in glaucoma (p=0.016) and that from all alexithymia’s factors, the external orienting thinking (EOT) statistically significantly contributed to this prediction (p< 0.001). The majority of psychopathological factors statistically significantly predict alexithymia (p<0.01). Also, alexithymic participants had higher scores in certain factors (Interpersonal sensitivity, Depression, Obsession compulsion, and overall Psychological distress) compared to nonalexithymic (p<0.01). The objective of the current study was to understand the involvement of certain psychological factors in the glaucoma process as alexithymia and its consideration in pathogenesis and treatment.
Appears in Collections:Program in Applied Psychology

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